The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2461 that extends the mandate of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia through 31 March 2020.
The resolution sets out the mandate for the UN’s special political mission, summarized as the provision of strategic advice and good offices, the building of capacity, and the coordination of international partners’ support for the country. The Council also underscored that the UNSOM mandate is complementary to the mandates of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and the UN Support Office in Somalia, and the support provided by other international partners.
The document also welcomed the recent commitment of the FGS and the UN to deepen their partnership.
The Council commended the FGS for the progress in economic, security sector and political reforms and encouraged further progress on the political agreements necessary to consolidate these reforms.
Taking Somalia’s state-building and peacebuilding priorities as the basis for the mandate, the resolution covers UNSOM’s role in supporting the country’s ongoing constitutional review process, the development of an independent police and federal justice system, and implementation of security sector reform and the Transition Plan to transfer primary responsibility for security from AMISOM to Somali security institutions and forces, among other areas of the Mission’s endeavours.
The Security Council also underscored the need to respect, protect and promote human rights, end impunity and hold accountable those responsible for violations or abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law. In this context, the Council also asked UNSOM to continue to support the efforts of the FGS to promote and protect human rights in Somalia.
The key priorities for support in the new mandate include ongoing support for the constitutional review process, mediation, prevention and resolution of conflicts, capacity building support for security sector and anti-corruption initiatives, and upholding human rights.
In addition, the updated text emphasizes the timelines regarding UNSOM NEWSLETTER ISSUE #10 | QUARTERLY March 2019 Serving the people of Somalia the preparations for and holding of elections in Somalia in 2020.
UNSOM’s support for the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) will assist the FGS to hold inclusive, free and fair, one-person one-vote elections, and the resolution highlights the political, technical, operational and logistical support that UNSOM will contribute towards achieving this historic milestone.