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Security Council extends mandate of AMISOM, requests increase in troop strength

Mareeg.com-Security Council Extends Mandate of African Union Mission in Somalia,
Requests Increase in Troop Strength
The Security Council today extended the mandate of the African Union
Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) to 31 October 2014, requesting the African
Union to increase the troop strength of that regional peacekeeping body
from 17,731 to a maximum of 22,126 uniformed personnel as part of overall
efforts to combat the increasingly asymmetrical tactics of Al-Shabaab
rebels in the country.
Unanimously adopting resolution 2124 (2013) under the Charter’s Chapter
VII, the 15-member body also expanded the logistical support package for
AMISOM for a maximum of 22,126 uniformed personnel until 31 October 2014.
It agreed with the Secretary-General that conditions in Somalia were not
yet appropriate for the deployment of a United Nations peacekeeping
operation, taking note of benchmarks for such efforts outlined in his 14
October letter (document S/2013/606).
By other terms, the Council underlined that increases in force strength
were to provide enhancement of AMISOM’s military capacity for 18 to 24
months, and further, were part of the Mission’s overall exit strategy,
after which a decrease in force strength would be considered. It agreed
with the Secretary-General on the critical need for sourcing
contingent-owned equipment, including force enablers and multipliers,
either from existing AMISOM troop contributors or other States, citing the
particular need for up to 12 military helicopters. It encouraged Member
States to respond in that regard.
Further, the Council requested the Secretary-General to work with the
African Union to improve by 1 January 2014 the strategic management of
AMISOM by strengthening command and control structures, the coordination
of contingents, joint operations with the Somali National Army (SNA) and
information management.
As for Somali institutions, the Council requested the United Nations
Support Office for AMISOM to provide – as exceptional support — food,
water, fuel, transport, tents and “in-theatre” medical evacuation to
front-line units of the Somali National Army, the funding for which would
be provided from an appropriate United Nations trust fund.
Regarding United Nations personnel, the Council took note of the
Secretary-General’s intention to deploy a guard force to strengthen
security at the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM). It
requested details on its deployment “as soon as possible” and emphasized,
in that context, the importance of AMISOM’s protection of Mogadishu
International Airport Compound within the troop ceiling. On the political
front, it urged increased collaboration among the African Union, United
Nations and Somali Government towards a comprehensive approach to peace,
security and development.
Speaking after adoption, the representative of the Russian Federation said
he had voted in favour of the resolution to support African Union efforts
in fostering settlement in Somalia, based on the key role that its mission
had played in that regard. However, some of his Government’s concerns had
not been borne in mind. He was seriously concerned by the wording in
paragraph 21, which outlined the Somali Government’s requirement to
provide full access to humanitarian organizations, which ran counter to
the principles of humanitarian assistance.
He went on to say that the Federal Government was not in a position to
control a significant part of the country and that humanitarian
organizations were leaving Somalia not because they had been hindered by
the Government, but rather, because of the security situation. In
establishing humanitarian principles, the Council was getting into an area
not covered by its remit — standard setting, which was covered by the
General Assembly. Therefore, he did not consider the wording in paragraph
21 as setting a precedent.
The representative of Somalia said that, over the last year, the important
parts of his country’s six-pillar policy had been implemented. While the
Council had “sustained” Somalia for a long time, there was now a light at
the end of the tunnel. Its partnership in support of critical priorities
was at a turning point. Indeed, the Council had noted the achievements of
AMISOM to liberate Somalia from the scourge of Al-Shabaab, as well as the
assistance and training that had enabled his Government to liberate the
residual components of that group.
He went on to express hope that the Somali Army contingent fighting with
AMISOM to defeat Al-Shabaab would be supported in a more consistent and
timely manner by the United Nations, raising questions over when resources
from the United Nations trust fund would arrive. AMISOM had been given 18
to 24 months to complete its mandate and he wondered if the trust fund
would allow Somali armed forces to liberate the country in enough time for
preparations for elections in 2015-2016 to proceed. All means should be
applied to ensure those funds arrived as soon as possible. “Otherwise it
will be a disaster for Somalia once again,” he cautioned.
The meeting began at 10:10 a.m. and ended at 10:25 a.m.
Resolution
The full text of resolution 2124 (2013) reads as follows:
“The Security Council,
“Recalling its previous resolutions on the situation in Somalia, in
particular resolutions 2036 (2012), 2093 (2013) and 2111 (2013), and
statements of its President on the situation in Somalia,
“Reaffirming its respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity,
political independence and unity of Somalia, and reiterating its
commitment to a comprehensive and lasting settlement of the situation in
Somalia,
“Taking note of the Joint African Union (AU)-United Nations Mission on the
benchmarks for a United Nations Peacekeeping Operation in Somalia and
their assessment of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and
Somali National Security Forces, and underlining the importance it
attaches to greater peace, prosperity and stability in Somalia,
“Taking note of the AU Peace and Security Council’s 10 October Communiqué
on the Joint AU-United Nations Review of AMISOM and the benchmarking
exercise, and welcoming in particular its call to all AU Member States to
contribute financially to AMISOM,
“Welcoming the constructive manner in which both the Secretariat and the
AU conducted the joint review,
“Underlining its gratitude for the work of AMISOM, in particular the
extraordinary sacrifices made by AMISOM forces and personnel in pursuit of
peace in Somalia,
“Welcoming the support of the international community to peace and
stability in Somalia, in particular the European Union for its substantial
contribution in supporting AMISOM, and emphasizing the importance of new
contributors sharing the financial burden of supporting AMISOM,
“Noting with appreciation recent high-level events on Somalia which have
generated substantial pledges of support, and underlining the importance
of delivering on any support pledged at these events,
“Condemning recent Al-Shabaab attacks in Somalia and beyond, which serve
to undermine the peace and reconciliation process in Somalia, and
expressing its solidarity with the people and Governments of Somalia and
the region,
“Expressing serious concern at the Secretary-General’s assessment in his
14 October letter to the Security Council that recent security gains
against Al‑Shabaab are at serious risk of being reversed, and noting that
the Somali National Army (SNA) and AMISOM have now assumed a more
defensive posture,
“Noting the Secretary-General’s assessment that there is an urgent need to
resume and strengthen the military campaign against Al Shabaab, which
requires an enhancement of international support to the Somali National
Security Forces and to AMISOM,
“Noting the Secretary-General’s assessment that a comprehensive strategy
that includes political, economic and military components is needed to
reduce the asymmetrical threat posed by Al-Shabaab,
“Acting under Chapter VII of the charter of the United Nations,
AMISOM
“1. Decides to authorize the Member States of the AU to maintain the
deployment of AMISOM, as set out in paragraph 1 of resolution 2093 (2013),
until 31 October 2014, which shall be authorized to take all necessary
measures, in full compliance with its obligations under international
humanitarian law and human rights law, and in full respect of the
sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of
Somalia, to carry out its mandate;
“2. Agrees with the Secretary-General that conditions in Somalia are not
yet appropriate for the deployment of a United Nations Peacekeeping
Operation, takes note of the benchmarks for a United Nations Peacekeeping
Operation as set out in the Secretary-General’s 14 October letter, and
endorsed in the 11 October letter of the AU Commission Chairperson, and
requests that the Secretary-General keeps progress against the benchmarks
under continuous review, in consultation with the AU, and with a view to
creating conducive conditions for the potential deployment of a United
Nations Peacekeeping Operation and the hand-over of security
responsibilities to national authorities;
“3. Requests the AU to increase AMISOM’s force strength from 17,731 to a
maximum of 22,126 uniformed personnel as set out in the
Secretary-General’s 14 October letter;
“4. Decides to expand the logistical support package for AMISOM,
referred to in paragraph 4 of resolution 2093 (2013), for a maximum of
22,126 uniformed personnel until 31 October 2014, ensuring the
accountability and transparency of expenditure of the United Nations funds
as set out in paragraph 6 of resolution 1910 (2010), and consistent with
the requirements of the Secretary-General’s Human Rights Due Diligence
Policy;
“5. Underlines that, in line with the Joint United Nations-AU Review of
AMISOM, the increases in the force strength decided in this resolution are
to provide a short-term enhancement of AMISOM’s military capacity, for a
period of 18 to 24 months and as part of an overall exit strategy for
AMISOM, after which a decrease in AMISOM’s force strength will be
considered;
“6. Agrees with the Secretary-General on the critical need for sourcing
contingent owned equipment including force enablers and multipliers as
provided for in paragraph 6 of resolution 2036 (2012) either from existing
AMISOM Troop-Contributing Countries or other Member States, emphasizes in
particular the need for an appropriate aviation component of up to twelve
military helicopters, and encourages Member States to respond to AU
efforts to mobilize such equipment;
“7. Reiterates paragraphs 5 of resolution 2093 (2013) regarding
logistical support to AMISOM;
“8. Further reiterates paragraph 13 of resolution 2093 (2013) on the
strengthening of women and children’s protection in AMISOM operations and
activities;
“9. Requests the Secretary-General to work closely with the AU in order
to support the implementation of this resolution, in particular by
improving efficiency in the planning and strategic management of AMISOM,
including strengthening command and control structures, the operational
coordination of contingents, joint operations with the SNA, and
information management, through a new Concept of Operations by 1 January
2014, with a view to enabling AMISOM to respond to the increasingly
asymmetrical tactics used by Al-Shabaab, through an effective resumption
of the military campaign against Al-Shabaab, which would rapidly reduce
its capacity to control key strategic locations, and further requests the
Secretary-General to continue to provide technical and expert advice to
the AU in the planning, deployment and management of AMISOM through the
United Nations office to the AU, and reiterates its request to the
Secretary-General, in view of the substantial increases in AMISOM
capabilities and support to the SNA, to enhance the provision of technical
advice to the AU through existing United Nations mechanisms;
“10. Requests the AU to advance efforts to implement a system to address
allegations of misconduct, which includes clear mechanisms for receiving
and tracking allegations, as well as for following up with
troop-contributing countries on the results of the investigations and
disciplinary actions taken as applicable, and requests the United Nations
to redouble its efforts to advise and provide guidance to the AU in this
endeavour;
“11. Reiterates its request, and that of the AU Peace and Security
Council, for AMISOM to develop further an effective approach to the
protection of civilians, and stresses in particular the urgent need for
AMISOM to establish and use a Civilian Casualty Tracking, Analysis and
Response Cell, as requested in resolution 2093 (2013);
“12. Underlines the importance of AMISOM abiding by all requirements
applicable to it under international human rights and humanitarian law,
further underlines in particular the need for AMISOM to ensure that any
detainees in their custody, including disengaged combatants, are treated
in strict compliance with applicable obligations under international
humanitarian law and human rights law, including ensuring their humane
treatment and further requests AMISOM to allow appropriate access to
detainees by a neutral body, and to establish Standard Operating
Procedures for the handover of any detainees, including children, who come
into their custody during a military operation;
“13. Reiterates its call for new donors to support AMISOM through the
provision of additional funding for troop stipends, equipment, technical
assistance and uncaveated funding for AMISOM to the United Nations Trust
Fund for AMISOM, and underlines the AU’s call for their Member States to
provide financial support to AMISOM;
Somali federal security institutions
“14. Takes note of the Secretary-General’s recommendation of the need to
provide targeted support to front line units of the Somali National Army
(SNA), requests UNSOA to support the SNA through the provision of food and
water, fuel, transport, tents and in theatre medical evacuation, decides
that this exceptional support shall be provided only for joint SNA
operations with AMISOM and which are part of AMISOM’s overall Strategic
Concept, further decides that funding for this support will be provided
from an appropriate United Nations trust fund, and encourages Member
States to make uncaveated contributions to the trust fund;
“15. Underlines that the support outlined in paragraph 14 of this
resolution must be in full compliance with the United Nations Human Rights
and Due Diligence Policy (HRDDP), further underlines its expectation that
the Secretary-General will report on all UNSOA support to the SNA
including on the implementation of the HRDDP, and also requests AMISOM to
use its Civilian Casualties Tracking Analysis and Response cell as part of
its reporting on joint AMISOM operations with the SNA;
“16. Underlines that all forces supported by UNSOA shall act in
compliance with the Secretary-General’s Human Rights and Due Diligence
Policy (HRDDP), and in that context further underlines its expectation
that the Federal Government of Somalia will give its assurance to the
Security Council, including in writing, that any Government forces being
supported by UNSOA on joint operations with AMISOM will act in compliance
with the HRDDP, and recalls the importance of training in this regard;
“17. Requests that to assist UNSOM to fulfil its mission, the Head of
UNSOA shall keep the Special Representative of the Secretary-General
informed on the implementation of the AMISOM support package, and further
requests the Secretary-General to include this information in his regular
reporting to the Security Council;
“18. Calls upon the Federal Government of Somalia to continue its
efforts, with the support of the United Nations Assistance Mission in
Somalia (UNSOM), AMISOM (in accordance with their respective mandates),
and other international partners to strengthen the Somali National
Security Forces including by mapping the structure of these forces,
establishing clear command and control systems, implementing appropriate
procedures, codes of conduct and training including to ensure the safe
storage, registration, maintenance and distribution of military equipment
and finalizing and implementing a national program for the treatment and
handling of disengaged combatants and promoting respect for human rights,
including through implementing the relevant Somali Government action plans
on children and armed conflict;
“19. Further requests UNSOM, in accordance with its mandate, to continue
to assist in the rebuilding of Somali security institutions, and
reiterates in particular UNSOM’s role in providing strategic policy advice
on security sector reform (SSR) and assisting the Federal Government of
Somalia in coordinating international donor support on SSR;
“20. Requests UNSOM, working closely with the AU, to assist the Federal
Government of Somalia in developing broad principles on the nature of
policing in Somalia with a view to proposing further options to support
the development of an effective police force in Somalia;
“21. Requests the Federal Government of Somalia to ensure the protection
and well-being of all internally displaced persons, including from sexual
violence and exploitation, paying particular attention to ensuring that
the human rights of internally displaced persons in Somalia are respected
in relation to relocations, and to ensure a fully consultative process,
providing prior notice and ensuring safe, sanitary new sites that have
basic services, as well as full, safe and unhindered access for
humanitarian organizations;
Security of United Nations personnel
“22. Takes note of the Secretary-General’s intention to deploy an
appropriate United Nations Static Guard unit to strengthen security at
UNSOM compounds, looks forward to receiving further details of its
deployment as outlined in the Secretary-General’s 14 October letter as
soon as possible, and strongly emphasizes the importance of AMISOM’s
protection of Mogadishu International Airport Compound within the troop
ceiling authorized in this resolution;
Political process
“23. Urges increased collaboration between the AU, United Nations and
Federal Government of Somalia, including on a comprehensive approach to
peace, security and development which integrates political, security,
peacebuilding and development activities, recognizing that none can
succeed in isolation;
“24. Recalls its 13 September 2013 statement welcoming the agreement
between the Federal Government of Somalia and the Interim Jubba
Administration, emphasizes the importance of all parties ensuring that the
timelines as stipulated in the agreement are met, and further emphasizes
the importance of the Federal Government of Somalia ensuring the right
political conditions are in place to ensure greater peace and stability in
Somalia;
“25. Welcomes in this context the efforts undertaken by the Federal
Government of Somalia to consolidate security and establish the rule of
law in areas secured by AMISOM and the Security Forces of the Federal
Government of Somalia, and encourages it to continue to lead an inclusive
national dialogue, with the support of UNSOM, the Intergovernmental
Authority on Development (IGAD), and the AU to clarify and settle
relations between the Federal government of Somalia and existing and
emerging local administrations and initiate processes of national
reconciliation in order to accelerate efforts to establish sustainable,
legitimate and representative local governance structures across the
country, especially in areas recovered from Al-Shabaab;
“26. Encourages the Federal Government of Somalia to finalize and adopt a
federal Constitution by December 2015, to prepare for and hold credible
elections in 2016; and to ensure the equitable participation of women,
youth, minority groups and other marginalized groups in national political
processes;
“27. Further encourages the Federal Government of Somalia to implement
its “Vision 2016” agenda which sets out the importance of a Somali-owned,
inclusive, and transparent political process and economic recovery,
consistent with the Provisional Constitution and including an effective
federal political system and a comprehensive reconciliation process that
brings about national cohesion and integration;
Sanctions
“28. Expresses concern at continuing violations of the Security Council
charcoal ban requests the Secretary-General and his Special Representative
to raise awareness amongst relevant Member States on their requirements to
abide by the charcoal ban, as set out in resolution 2036 (2012);
“29. Underlines the importance of the Federal Government of Somalia and
Member States complying with all aspects of the arms embargo, including
the reporting and notification requirements set out in resolution 2111
(2013);
Reporting
“30. Requests the Secretary-General to report on the implementation of
all aspects of this resolution as part of his regular reporting to the
Security Council on the situation in Somalia;
31. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.”
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