Puntland, Somaliland share more than a border
By: Ayan S. Salad-Puntland and Somaliland dispute is a territorial dispute over the northern Somali provinces of Sool, Sanaag and Cayn (SSC) between Puntland and Somaliland regions that stems from 1998, when Puntland formed and declared the region as part of its territory. Prior to that, it had been claimed by Somaliland since the 1991 events of the Somali Civil War.
Puntland claims Sool, Sanaag and Cayn (SSC) based on kinship ties with the regions’ dominant Darod clans. Somaliland claims the territory as part of the original bounds of the former British Somaliland protectorate, which the self-declared country regards itself as the successor to.
October, 2007 fighting between the two forces led to casualties and captured prisoners, who were later exchanged.
Both PL and SL share more than a border: the neighboring states share a legacy of women braving boundaries to help end war and build peace. Women built bridges across communities and established grassroots peace accords.
The tenuous relations between and within Somaliland and Puntland cannot be overstated. Today, implementation of the peace agreement between the two regions has stalled.
Women peace processes
In Somalia Women have very limited opportunities to participate in formal Somali peace processes.
A starting point for security sector policy in Somalia should be to understand the ways in which Somalis themselves mediate conﬂict, negotiate ceaseﬁres and manage security, However Women in Puntland and Somaliland should stand to solve the conflicts in the region because all of us need peace and security.
Both societies are traditionally ethnically endogamous. So to extend ties of alliance, marriage is often to another ethnic Somali from a different clan.
I am kindly requesting both leaders to stop fighting between them and start dialogue to end the conflict we Somalis share a common language, Somali, we are Muslims of Sunni , We also live in northern Kenya; in the Ogaden region of eastern Ethiopia; and in Djibouti, to the northwest of Somalia. In spite of national boundaries, all we consider ourselves one people. This unity makes us one of Africa’s largest ethnic groups.
We celebrate Independence Day on 26 June, the date in 1960 when British Somaliland gained its independence. We celebrate the Foundation of the Republic on 1 July.
Ayan Salad is active youth girl with BA in Development studies at Cavendish University, Kampala, Uganda. She is the author of “Effects of youth unemployment on poverty alleviation in Somalia”. She lectured issues of women and politics in Africa, Peace & Conflict resolution and have experience of Gender issues.
Ayan Said Salad