- Approximately 3.5 million people require emergency food assistance in Somalia, according to the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) recently released by the Federal Government of Somalia and UN partners. Of this total, nearly 2.6 million will be targeted with food assistance in 2019, including activities that provide immediate access to food, protect and restore livelihoods, and support community resilience against shocks. More than half of people targeted with assistance are internally displaced persons (IDPs).
- The October-to-December 2018 deyr rainfall was lower than anticipated across most of Somalia, leading to deteriorating food security conditions. The overall cereal harvest in southern Somalia is expected to be 30-40 percent below the long-term average and livestock conditions remain poor. While most areas of the country are currently experiencing Stressed (IPC 2)-level acute food insecurity, northern Awdal and Woqooyi Galbeed regions are experiencing Emergency (IPC 4) conditions, and parts of Sool and Sanaag regions are facing Crisis (IPC 3) conditions.* Crisis acute food insecurity is likely to spread to parts of Bari, Galgaduud, Mudug and Nugaal regions in the coming months as reduced food availability from the below-average harvest leads to increases in food prices. Additionally, most IDP settlements are experiencing Crisis conditions.
- Persistently high levels of acute malnutrition remain a concern in Somalia, with UNICEF estimating global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates were above 10 percent in nearly all regions between August and October. A November assessment indicated an improved nutrition situation in most surveyed IDP populations compared to 2017, due to a large-scale humanitarian response and a decrease in acute watery diarrhea outbreaks. However, IDP populations sustained GAM levels above 10 percent during this timeframe.
*The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).