Mareeg Media
Somalia

Galmudug Minerals and Oil dealings backed by Iran-Qatar under joint sponsorship

By Islamist Militia Ahlu Sunna Waljamea and Somali Federal Government.  y Islamist Militia Ahlu Sunna Waljamea and Somali Federal Government. 

According to Evan W. Burt After years of wide-ranging differences, relations between Iran and Qatar improved almost overnight after a Saudi-led coalition broke diplomatic ties with Doha and imposed a blockade on the small sheikhdom. On June 5, 2017, five nations – Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Egypt and Maldives – accused the al Thani Royal family for financing terrorism and promoting instability across the Middle East. The bloc made thirteen demands of Doha. The first demand was to break off the military and political ties with Tehran. Many Gulf monarchies have accused theocratic Iran of interfering in their internal affairs. They claimed Iran, predominantly Shiite, financed opposition groups in Sunni countries.

The crisis in many ways highlighted the complex historical relationship between Tehran and Doha. They have cooperated over economic development, particularly on a natural gas field that they share. (The joint gas field, Iran calls it South Pars while Qatar calls the North Dome field). It has an estimated 1,800 trillion cubic feet of natural gas—comparable to a quarter of global proven reserves. They have also signed several trade and security pact. 

Qatar have financed successive Somali leaders  and  helped election strategy to ensure proxy Somali President who could prioritize Qatar’s interests as a primary objective. Therefore,  it is well known that Qatar hand-picked  the current President of Somalia Mr. Farmaajo. Qatar have power to influence Somalia leadership and use that to challenge its Gulf rival.  Both Qatar and UAE are driven by their geopolitical interests in the Horn of Africa and particularly over the Somali. 

Doha’s approach has relied heavily on the consolidation of its ties with the sovereign central government in Somalia seeking political support. Qatar views Somalia as a strategic regional base from which to alleviate the Saudi-UAE-imposed blockade. Since Qatar Airways can’t fly over the Saudi and UAE airspace anymore, many flight are now redirected to utilize  the Somalia airspace. Consequently, Qatar Airways’ traffic over Somali airspace has significantly increased. 

The Qatari presence in Somalia, bring into existence a new joint Qatar-Iran interested to Somalia especially south and south central regions keeping eye on uranium and other commercial resources, 

Somalia currently have  deposit uraniumn estimated 7600 metric ton reserve  Uranium.  In addition to uranium, international geologists have also discovered Yttrium, a rare and costly mineral which experts say can sell for six times as much as uranium per pound, according to Uranium 2016 report as per Production and Demand joint report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency.  With the help Ahlu Sunna Waljama, President Ahmed Gelle Xaaf faced bloodless coup and has been kicked out from his real residence from Dhuusamareb due to the joint  pressure from the Fedral  Government and  Ahlu Sunna Waljama. Dhuusamaereeb is considered the stronghold of  Ahlu Sunna Waljama and the capital of the Galmudug State

If Somali Government grants mining licenses to this new alliance Qatar-Iran who both have the ability to mine uranium. The United Nations Security Council would know if uranium concentrates were being transferred to Iran. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached by Iran and six other powers (the United States, China, France, Germany, Russia, United Kingdom) plus the European Union in July 2015 monitors all transfers, trade and/or domestic production of uranium ore concentrates. Moreover, if Iran wanted to buy uranium it can do so openly through a ‘procurement channel established by the JCPOA and endorsed by United Nations Security Council resolution 2231 (2015) for States wanting to transfer nuclear or dual-use goods, technology or related services to Iran. All such activities are to be approved by the Security Council, including any acquisitions by Iran commercial interest  with another State like somalia involving uranium mining or any production  for nuclear and that of even dual use.

Said Hersi Dualleh

Security Consultant 

New York, New York

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