Cholera cases in S.sudan spike,outbreak spreads to Unity state-UN

A South Sudan refugee family arrives at the UNHCR managed refugees reception point at Elegu, within Amuru district of the northern region near the South Sudan-Uganda border, August 20, 2016. REUTERS/James Akena - RTX2MC4K

By Magdalena Mis-LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Nearly 3,000 people in war-torn South Sudan have contracted cholera since July, the World Health Organization reported on Tuesday, warning that the outbreak had now spread to a region where conflict is hampering efforts to tackle the deadly disease.

“Unity State is where we’re focusing our efforts now. There’s an active conflict so it’s not easy to control but we’re doing our best,” said Usman Abdulmumini, WHO South Sudan country representative.

An intestinal infection often linked to contaminated drinking water, cholera causes diarrhoea and vomiting, leaving small children especially vulnerable to death from dehydration.

The outbreak has caused 44 deaths and spread to nine of South Sudan’s 28 states, WHO said.

But Abdulmumini said the disease was no longer spreading in the capital Juba which has accounted for about two thirds of cases.

“The outbreak continues but the good news is that we have controlled it in most of the states,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone.

“We’re not afraid that it’s getting out of hand.”

Unity State has experienced some of the worst violence since fighting erupted in South Sudan at the end of 2013 between soldiers loyal to President Salva Kiir and those backing his former deputy Riek Machar.

The pair signed a shaky peace deal last year but violence continues. The conflict has killed thousands, uprooted nearly 2.5 million people and fuelled a major hunger crisis.

More than 6.1 million are in need of aid, according to the International Organization for Migration.

The U.N. children’s agency UNICEF warned in July that the cholera outbreak could lead to a devastating loss of life if it spread to conflict-hit states where many health facilities have been closed or destroyed.

(Reporting by Magdalena Mis. Editing by Emma Batha. Please credit Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women’s rights, corruption and climate change. Visit news.trust.org)

Mareeg senior news editor since 2001 and he can be reached at news@mareeg.com