A Youthful Remedy for Africa’s Youth Unemployment
by Meredith Lee–TORONTO – Across Africa, young people are on the move. This large-scale migration, which is putting economic and social pressure on host countries across the continent, is driven largely by factors like poverty, instability, and natural disasters. But the biggest cause of displacement is a concern shared by many around the world: the inability to find work close to home.
Many African countries have recorded significant GDP growth over the last decade. But the additional wealth has not translated into formal employment. In fact, 70%of workers in Sub-Saharan Africa remain in the informal sector, such as smallholder farming, street vending, and domestic tasks, rather than salaried jobs.
Africa’s youth are the hardest hit by these unemployment and underemployment trends. But young people also hold the keys to the engine of Africa’s struggling job market.
By 2030, over 120 million young people will enter the workforce across the continent. To create enough stable jobs, Africa will need to improve education, expand access to financial services, encourage civic participation, and provide social safety nets. But one of the biggest impacts will come when young people are fully empowered to pursue entrepreneurship. With the right support, the continent’s youngest job seekers can lead Africa’s employment growth forward.
In many ways, Africa’s youth are already confronting the challenge. This generation is more educated than their parents, and they live in countries that have benefited from rapid and broad development, including growing access to information, financial products, and other business-related services. African young people have high aspirations to shape the future of their countries.
Yet entrepreneurship is often considered a path of last resort. Young Africans sell goods or produce in marketplaces, not because they want to, but because they have no other choice. Self-employment is often combined with other sources of seasonal, temporary, or part-time work. The goal is to make ends meet, not to launch a career.
But times are changing. And today, young African business leaders are emerging to tackle complex problems, and in the process, putting many of their peers to work. There are countless success stories. In Kenya, Munyutu Waigi and Ivan Mbowa co-founded Umati Capital, a digital finance hub that helps agricultural processors, traders, and cooperatives access funds needed to expand their businesses. For their efforts, Waigi and Mbowa won the 2015 Zambezi Prize, which recognizes innovative approaches to promoting financial inclusion.