26th June Somalia’s northern region’s Independence Day not all regions commemorate
This article was published first in June 2008-Mareeg.com-The majority of Somalia’s regions were not marked 26th June Somalia’s northern region’s Independence Day they liberated from the colonial troops.
Similar to this day Somalis hardened to be well-prepared for the marking of this valued day that marks when northern region gained their independence from UK.
26 June was the first day Somali flag was raised in Hargeisa Town of Somaliland region northern Somalia.
The five points of the star on the Somali flag simply represents the previous colonial area where the mostly Somali speaking people live and lived.
Somalia adopted a light blue flag in honour of the United Nations Organisation that had controlled the country until the independence.
The flag has 5 points – one for each branch of the Somalis: Issas of Djibouti, Somalis of Ethiopia, Issaks of Somaliland, Somalis of old Italian Somalia and the Somalis of North Kenya .
The Flag Day in Somalia is therefore 26 June, celebrating the first hoisting of the flag of the independent Republic of Somalia on 26 June 1960.
As it was the case in other African countries, the flag was adopted before the independence, during the Italian trusteeship (1950-1960).
Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for a couple of decades.
After the regime’s collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections.
The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring self-declared autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife.
Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag.
Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs).
The Somalia TFIs include a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA), a transitional Prime Minister, Nur “Adde” Hassan HUSSEIN, and a 90-member cabinet.
The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter, which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections.
While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and work towards national elections in 2009.
In June 2006, a loose coalition of clerics, business leaders, and Islamic court militias known as the Council of Islamic Courts (CIC) defeated powerful Mogadishu warlords and took control of the capital.
The Courts continued to expand militarily throughout much of southern Somalia and threatened to overthrow the TFG in Baidoa. Ethiopian and TFG forces, concerned over links between some CIC factions and the al-Qaida East Africa network and the al-Qaida operatives responsible for the bombings of the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, intervened in late December 2006, resulting in the collapse of the CIC as an organization.
However, the TFG continues to face violent resistance from extremist elements, such as the al-Shabaab militia previously affiliated with the UIC.
Somalia has been praised by USA and The International Monetary Fund today recognised the federal government of Somalia, headed by President Mohamed farmaajo, paving the way for the resumption of relations after a 22-year interval,” the IMF said in a statement.
“The decision is consistent with broad international support and recognition of the Federal Government.”
Although Somalia has been an IMF member since August 1962, the years of civil war meant there was no government with which the fund could deal.
International donors have slowly been re-engaging with the Mogadishu government since President Mohamud’s election last year.
It was the first vote of its kind in the country since warlords toppled military dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991.
The US officially recognised Somalia in 2014, acknowledging the new government’s progress towards political stability and attempts to end the insurgency by Islamist militants al-Shabab.
Although Washington never formally cut diplomatic ties with Somalia, the 1993 Black Hawk Down incident – in which 18 US servicemen died after militia fighters shot down two US military helicopters – marked the country’s descent into anarchy.
By: Abdinasir Mohamed Guled