860,000 people remain acutely food insecure in Somalia with 51,000 children

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Mareeg.com-The food security condition of over 2 million additional people remains fragile and
is classified as Stressed (IPC Phase 2). This group of households may struggle to
meet their own minimal food requirements through mid-2014, and they remain highly
vulnerable to shocks that could push them back to food security crisis.
Acute Malnutrition
Levels of acute malnutrition remain Critical (Global Acute Malnutrition rates
exceeding 15%) among rural populations in many parts of South-Central Somalia and
among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). Nutrition survey results indicate that an
estimated 203,000 children under the age of 5 are acutely malnourished. This figure
includes 51,000 children that are severely malnourished and consequently face a
higher risk of death. A majority of the malnourished children are found among
non-IDP populations of the South. Assessment results indicate that morbidity, poor
child feeding and care practices are among the main casual factors of malnutrition
in Somalia.
The current number of acutely malnourished children is only slightly down (by 1.5%)
from the 206,000 malnourished children under the age of five estimated for August
2013. However, the number of children under the age of five that are severely
malnourished has increased from 45,000 in August 2013 to 51,000 in January 2014 (an
increase of 13%).
Lifesaving humanitarian assistance and livelihood support remain vitally important
between now and June 2014 to help food insecure populations meet their immediate
food needs. Additional interventions will be required to protect livelihoods and
build the resilience of communities against future shocks.
Areas of Concern
IDPs continue to constitute a majority (74%) of the 857,000 people in Crisis and
Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4). The challenge faced by IDPs includes reliance on
marginal and oftenunreliable livelihood strategies and poor living and sanitary
conditions. Populations experiencing acute food security crisis (IPC Phases 3 &4)
are also found in large numbers in rural and urban areas in Sanaag, Sool, Bari,
Nugaal, North and South Mudug, Galgaduud, Hiran, and Middle Shabelle as well as
Middle and Lower Juba regions. In South-Central Somalia primarily, other areas that
have had repeated food security crises in recent year and that have persistently
high levels of acute malnutrition remain of concern.
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[1]The Integrated Food SecurityPhase Classification (IPC) is a set of analytical
tools, and processes, to analyze and classify the severity of a food security
situation according toscientific international standards into a five-point scale:
IPC Phase 1=Minimal; Phase 2=Stressed; Phase 3=Crisis; Phase 4=Emergency; and Phase
5=Famine.

CONTACTS: Frank Nyakairu, FAO Communications Officer Email:
Frank.Nyakairu@fao.org,

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